Six strategies for effective learning
This week’s teaching and learning feed is about how to advise students how to revise.
To help my year 11 form and class prepare for mocks I’ve been trying out the six strategies for effective learning from the website http://www.learningscientists.org/. These strategies are listed below:
- Concrete examples – use specific examples to understand abstract ideas
- Dual coding – combine words and visuals
- Elaboration – explain and describe ideas with many details
- Interleaving – switch between ideas while you study
- Retrieval practice – practise bringing information to mind
- Spaced learning – space out your studying over time
Resources have been created based on research from cognitive psychology, from the past few decades, to help teachers and learners to make evidence-based decisions. The resources are all free and can be downloaded here http://www.learningscientists.org/downloadable-materials/. The materials are intended to teach about principles of learning and to provide teachers and students with flexible guiding principles to guide learning and studying.
There is also a series of podcasts that explain the principles in more detail and cover common misconceptions and questions http://www.learningscientists.org/podcast-episodes. Episode 2 is particularly good to play to students to explain how just reading through notes can make you overconfident and has a negative impact. It also goes into more detail about how to use flashcards effectively.
To model effective flashcards with my form I have used the free flashcards provided by Collins https://collins.co.uk/page/collinsgcserevision/flashcards
Since using the resources with my form I have now adapted my teaching to incorporate the principles of learning.
Source: Six Strategies for Effective Learning by Yana Weinstein, Megan Smith, & Oliver Caviglioli